Writing the Chemical Formula
To write the chemical formula (of a compound) the following information should be available:
1. Symbols of the elements or the radicals that constitute the compound.
2. Valencies (combining capacity) of the elements or the radicals.
The method applied for writing the chemical formula is called criss-cross method.
When the valencies of the combining atoms are equal.
e.g. Ca2+ and O2-.
When the valency of the cation is greater than the anion.
e.g. Mg2+ and Cl-
When the cation has more than one atoms in it.
It is treated as one molecule and the factor is multiplied with the whole molecule.
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Chemical Formula is the language of Chemistry. Learn how to write the chemical formula of a compound from valencies of the elements using the criss-cross method.