Writing the Chemical Formula

To write the chemical formula (of a compound) the following information should be available:

1. Symbols of the elements or the radicals that constitute the compound.

2. Valencies (combining capacity) of the elements or the radicals.

The method applied for writing the chemical formula is called criss-cross method.

Criss-cross Method

When the valencies of the combining atoms are equal.

e.g. Ca2+ and O2-.

Calcium oxide.

When the valency of the cation is greater than the anion.

e.g. Mg2+ and Cl-

Magnesium Chloride.

When the cation has more than one atoms in it.

It is treated as one molecule and the factor is multiplied with the whole molecule.

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Chemical Formula

Chemical Formula is the language of Chemistry. Learn how to write the chemical formula of a compound from valencies of the elements using the criss-cross method.